Democracy can only function in an environment where there is at least a minimum of stability. And it cannot necessarily establish this stability itself. In Iraq and Egypt, that process has failed, at least for the time being. In Afghanistan, the power of President Hamid Karzai, who made way for his successor at the end of September, never extended much beyond the city limits of the capital, Kabul, despite massive Western support. It is debatable whether the rudimentary rule of law established there after 13 years of Western involvement can survive ISAF’s departure at the end of this year.
In Iraq the fall of Saddam Hussein, which ended a brutal dictatorship of a dictator has shown that there is something worse than dictatorship, worse than the absence of freedom, worse than oppression: civil war and chaos. However, he most stupid president that America has ever had – Bush jr. – started the Iraq war with faked evidence. He opened the Pandora’s box. Now the serpent’s head was cut off and many small snakes were spreading themselves. The same we see today in Libya and Tunisia. And the women? They are the real losers.
The “failing states” that currently stretch from Pakistan to Mali show that the alternative to dictatorship isn’t necessarily democracy — all too often, it is anarchy. In the coming years, global politics will not be defined by the polarity between democratic and autocratic states as much as it will by the contrast between functioning and non-functioning ones.
Rule is order. For Thomas Hobbes, the father of modern political science, the intrinsic function of the state was to impose legal order in order to subdue the “state of nature.” In “Leviathan,” which he wrote in the 17th century under the shadow of the English Civil War, he argued that the state’s monopoly on violence was legitimate when used to protect the lives and possessions of the state’s citizens. When the state was no longer able to guarantee order, the threat of “war of every man against every man” loomed. The latter was the state of nature that the state, symbolized by the Leviathan, was tasked with taming.
In his 1525 article “Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants,” Martin Luther also argued in favour of a severe sovereign putting a stop to the German Peasants’ War. Luther was largely sympathetic to the complaints of the peasants, but he was turned off by the rampant violence and anarchy of their rebellion. The rebels, Luther wrote, should be dealt with “just as one must kill a mad dog.”
Germany last experienced an extended period of anarchy almost 400 years ago during the Thirty Years’ War. In the long period of peace and stability that has followed World War II, we in the West have come to view political continuity as the norm. During the decades of the Cold War, the threat to Western Europe did not come from weak states, warlords and terrorist organizations but from Communism. The era was marked by the confrontation between Western democracy and socialist dictatorship: The opposite of dictatorship was democracy.
The peaceful revolutions in Eastern Europe in the 1990s confirmed this view. In those countries, the collapse of the socialist dictatorships led not to anarchy but to the installation of a new, democratic order. This created the illusion that one merely had to remove obstacles for democracy to appear, almost automatically.
The Arthurian legend… Celtic mythology… Morgan le Fay was a powerful sorceress. According to Celtic tradition the Morrigan (a Triple Goddess of Celtic myth, thought of as the Goddess of Death) flew over battles, shrieking like ravens and claiming dead soldiers’ heads as trophies. Or the answer may lie in Uriens – in early Welsh literature Modron (a version of Matrona) was the daughter of Avallach, wife of Urien, and mother of Owein…
- We all love Apps! They are free, some are useful and many are soooo funny. There are thousands of Apps which means thousands of possibilities for attacks.About 130 million people in the US have such a mobile phone, in Germany, more than 50 percent has a smartphone; in the UK, the share is two-thirds. The mini-computers have become personal communication centers, digital assistants and life coaches, and they know all about their users… social contacts, details about the user’s behavior and location, interests, photos, payment details and passwords.
Secret Services are happy about this. Specialized teams began intensively studying Apple’s iPhone and its iOS operating system, as well as Google’s Android mobile operating system. Another team worked on ways to attack BlackBerry, which had been seen as an impregnable fortress until then.Analysts are enthusiastic about the geolocation data stored in smartphones and many of their apps, data that enables them to determine a user’s whereabouts at a given time.A recent article in the Wall Street Journal tested 101 popular applications for both iPhone and Android. Out of the 101 tested, here are the highlights of what they found:- Number of those apps that transmitted the phone’s unique ID number to other companies without consent: 65
– Number of apps that transmitted the phone’s location: 47
– Number of those who sent age, gender, and other personal information to online tracking companies: 5
- On a PCs you can delete cookies but you can’t do this on your smartphone.Many pre-installed Apps spy on you and your habits. Often you cannot delete them. On a PC you can!
I will leave all these spyware-adroids, tablets, Ipods to those who belong to the addicted flock of sheep who cannot live without their smartphone.
You need a tip how to be safe from spying? Oh, here they are:
– Put your phone into airplane mode while playing games.
– Don’t post on commercial social media accounts (Hello, Facebook!) while connected to cellular data networks.
– Turn off Wi-Fi, GPS and geolocation on your phone.
– Get rid of the smartphone.
“We live in an era of smart-phones and stupid people”
Read the complete story about the Psy-Wave Nullifier here: Starship Starbride