Fracking: Was wir nicht wissen sollen / What We Should Not Know

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Zensur für den beim Fracking verwendeten Chemikalien-Cocktail

Im US-Bundesstaat North Carolina soll ein Gesetz durchgeboxt werden, das sogar Rettungskräfte und Notärzte zur Verschwiegenheit über die beim Fracking eingesetzten Chemikalien verdonnert

Das sogenannte “Energie-Modernisierungsgesetz” sieht Haftstrafen von bis zu mehreren Monaten vor für die Weitergabe vertraulicher Informationen. Nach diesem Gesetz können Öl-Fördergesellschaften von Rettungskräften und Ärzten die Abgabe einer Verschwiegenheitserklärung verlangen. Feuerwehrleute und Notärzte dürfen sich noch nicht einmal mit ihren Kollegen darüber unterhalten, welche Erfahrungen sie bei ihren Hilfseinsätzen mit den beim Fracking verwendeten Chemikalien gemacht haben, schreibt die Energiefachzeitschrift Energywire.

Drei republikanische Senatoren haben diesen Gesetzentwurf in den Kongress von North Carolina eingebracht und machen sich die Argumentation der Öl-Fördergesellschaften zu eigen, die alle Informationen über das Fracking und über die verwendeten Chemikalien zum Betriebsgeheimnis erklären lassen wollen. Zwar müssen nach dem Gesetz die Firmen die Listen mit den verwendeten Chemikalien für Unglücksfälle bei den Behörden hinterlegen, wo sie aber unter Verschluss bleiben sollen. Lokalpolitiker sollen von der Regierung des Bundesstaats genehmigte Bohrungen nicht verhindern können. Der Wirtschaftsausschuss hat den Gesetzesvorschlag bereits durchgewunken, diese Woche wird der Senat darüber entscheiden.

Es ist vor allem der große US-Konzern Halliburton, der auch auf Bundespolitiker der USA Druck macht, keinerlei Informationen über den beim Fracking-Verfahren verwendeten Cocktail an Chemikalien der Öffentlichkeit und lokalen Behörden zur Verfügung zu stellen. Bislang war das Fracking in dem Bundesland noch nicht möglich. Die republikanischen Abgeordneten und der Gouverneur wollen North Carolina für das Fracking öffnen, das möglichst ab nächstem Jahr beginnen soll. Demokraten und Umweltorganisationen kritisieren den Vorstoß.

Source: (Telepolis > Energie & Klima News)

North Carolina Bill Would Make Revealing Fracking Secrets a Felony

A bill introduced in the North Carolina Senate would charge individuals with a felony if they disclose trade secret-protected information about fracking chemicals, EnergyWire reported Thursday. The bill includes a provision that would allow emergency first responders like fire chiefs and doctors to obtain the chemical information in an emergency. But information disclosed outside of emergency settings could land an offender in prison for several months.

“The felony provision is far stricter than most states’ provisions in terms of the penalty for violating trade secrets,” Hannah Wiseman, a Florida State University assistant law professor who studies fracking laws, told Mother Jones.

Large amounts of chemical fluid, water and sand must be injected into a fracking well to fracture underground rock and let gas flow from otherwise hard to reach deposits. That fluid can be made from a number of different chemicals. In many cases, fracking companies claim that disclosing their ingredient list, in whole or in part, would damage their ability to compete in the market. The companies apply for trade secret status with the appropriate state regulating agency, and if approved, the identities of the chemicals are exempt from disclosure.

Several states have trade secret laws that apply to fracking chemicals, but “few, if any” carry criminal penalties for violating the confidentiality of a trade secret, according to Environment & Energy Publishing. The issue of trade secrets has drummed up significant controversy for its possible implications in medical situations. In Pennsylvania, Act 13 allows doctors and emergency responders treating patients for fracking chemical exposure to access the trade secret information. But physician groups contend that the law acts as a “gag order,” preventing the doctor from sharing information about the chemicals with colleagues or the patient being treated.

The industry reporting database FracFocus indicates that chemicals like ethylene glycol (used in antifreeze) hydrochloric acid and tetramethylammonium chloride are on the long list of chemicals that could be found in fracking fluid.

Much is still unknown about the health effects of fracking. Water samples taken near fracking sites have found elevated levels of endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and this week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health wrote that at least four well workers have died since 2010 due to “acute chemical exposure” from flow-back fluid at fracking sites.

Fracking is banned in North Carolina until the state crafts rules to regulate the industry. A state panel in January passed a rule allowing companies to apply for trade secret status for fracking chemicals.

Source: (Newsweek.com)

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2 thoughts on “Fracking: Was wir nicht wissen sollen / What We Should Not Know

  1. This is what happens when corporations buy our legislators. The corporations write the laws and their patsies in the government push them through with little or no public scrutiny. If the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal becomes a reality, sovereignty will belong to the corporations, not the people. Already gag-laws have been enacted to criminalize whistle-blowing in the confined-animal-feeding-operation industry and this North Carolina law will gag whistle-blowing in the fracking industry, giving corporations free reign to pollute and destroy our environment so a few billionaires can line their pockets. Time to break up the corporations with existing anti-trust laws and reform our election financing laws to prevent the rich from buying government influence everywhere.

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  2. It is the same in Germany.

    Free Trade Agreement (FTA) (here called: Transatlantisches Freihandelsabkommen – TTIP).

    It scares people – we do not want chlorine chicken. We do not want to pay for ‘Loss of Profit’ of US-companies. Private negotiations between the governments are held behind closed doors. This is not democracy. They do not speak for us!

    Fuck FTA!

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